آموزش مکالمه زبان ...


درس چهل و دو - افراد خلاق



زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید /


سطح دو


 
creative
 
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4








 
با فشار دادن این متن فایل صوتی را دانلود نمایید
 
 
Creative People
Some people are just born to create. 
That's what I think. 
Some people just have the need to write stories, compose beautiful music, or paint
pictures. 
Creativity seems to be inside them, and they need to let it out. 
It's good that we have people like that. 
Composers like Mozart and Chopin have given us music that is incredibly beautiful. 
It's not just the classical composers who have given us great pieces of music; there are
modern composers who have written great songs also. 
Elton John is an example of someone who has composed many wonderful songs. 
Andrew Lloyd Webber has given us some very popular musicals like Cats and The
Phantom of the Opera. 
There are so many talented and creative people in this world. 
When you visit an art gallery, you marvel at how artists are able to recreate realism or
make up something that seems totally unreal yet beautiful. 
The American artist Norman Rockwell painted some pictures that actually looked like
photographs. 
He tried to portray life as it was in America. 
Through his paintings, one can get a good sense of American life through the years. 
On the other hand, artists like Jackson Pollock did not portray realism. 
Jackson Pollock painted abstract pictures. 
His paintings are just as good as Norman Rockwell's, but they are entirely different. 
Some books that we read are classics. 
Mark Twain portrayed American life through his characters Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry
Finn. 
Charles Dickens brought Victorian England to life through his books. 
Most people are familiar with his Christmas Carol where the mean and miserable
Scrooge learns the true meaning of Christmas. 
People don't have to read the classics. 
There are modern writers who entertain readers through their stories. 
Stephen King has written a number of horror stories. 
Some of his books have even been made into movies. 
We are lucky to have creative people who share their gifts with us. 
If you are lucky enough to be creative, you should use your talents to create works of art
that we all can share.
 
incredibly:
1
[+adjective/adverb] informal extremely
Nicotine is incredibly addictive.
2
[sentence adverb] in a way that is hard to believe
The knife had pierced his heart, but incredibly he was still alive.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=incredibly&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
_______________________________
talented:
talentedtalented
having a natural ability to do something well
*a talented actor
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=talented&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
_______________________________
marvel:
marvel
to feel or express great surprise or admiration at something, especially someone's behaviour
*The man is a genius,' marvelled Claire.
marvel at/over
*I marvelled at my mother's ability to remain calm in a crisis.
*Visitors to Rome marvel over the beauty of the city.
marvel that
*I marvelled that anyone could be so stupid.
*foreigners marveled at the country's rapid progress   
*they listened to my story and marveled
 
Another source
 
fml to be filled with great wonder, surprise, admiration, etc.:
*We marveled at their skill.
*[+that] The onlookers marveled that he was unharmed after such a long fall.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=marvel&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
_______________________________
mean:
mean
▶CRUEL◀
cruel or not kind
*That was a mean thing to do.
*I felt a bit mean asking him to help.
*It's a mean trick to play on someone.
*It was mean of him not to invite her.
mean to
*Don't be so mean to her!
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=mean&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=0
_______________________________
miserable:
miserable
especially British English always bad-tempered, dissatisfied, or complaining
*He's a miserable old devil.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=miserable&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=0
_______________________________
 
 
درس ده-صحبت در مورد اشیاء و مردم



مکالمه /


نهصد جمله اصلی مکالمات زبان انگلیسی


Talking about objects and people.
151    What do you want?
152    I want a cup of coffee.
153    What would you like to eat?
154    Please give me a piece of pie.
155    Which one would you like, this one or that one?
156    It doesn’t matter to me.
157    I’d like to talk with Mr. Jones or Mr. Smith.
158    I’m sorry, but both of them are busy right now.
159    Wouldn’t you like some coffee?
160    I’d rather have some tea, if you don’t mind.
161    Do you know any of those people?
162    Two or three of them look familiar.
163    All of those people are friends of mine.
164    Which one of those men is Mr. Taylor?
165    Is he the tall man on the left?
درس چهار - روز سال نو



زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید /


سطح دو


 
 نوروز - سال جدید- روز سال نو
 
 
 
 








 
با فشار دادن این متن فایل صوتی را دانلود نمایید
 
On New Year's Day people start a new year.
Many people make resolutions.
They resolve to be better people.
Some people decide that they will lose weight so that they can be healthier.
Some people decide to give up smoking.
They also want to be healthier.
There are all kinds of resolutions that people make.
Some people try not to lose their tempers.
Some people say that they will work harder.
There are people who try to give up bad habits.
Every year, my brother says that he will stop biting his nails.
He stops biting his nails in January, but by February he always starts again.
That is the thing about New Year's resolutions.
People seldom keep them.
Everybody starts out with good intentions, but it is very hard to stick with them.
I don't make New Year's resolutions.
I find that I just break them.
I just work day by day to break my bad habits.
I know that I eat too many sweets.
Every day, I just try to resist them.
I think that every day is a new day regardless of whether it is New Year's Day or not.
Bad habits are hard to break.
The best thing is never to start any bad habits.
I don't know if my brother will ever stop biting his nails, but I know that each January he intends to stop.
Maybe one of these New Year's Days he'll get over that habit.
 
___________________________________________________
 
resolutions:
▶PROMISE◀
[countable]a promise to yourself to do something
ᅳsee also resolve
resolution to do something
*Carol made a resolution to work harder at school.
*New Year's resolution (=a resolution made on January 1st)
_______________________________
resolve:
(formal)
to make a definite decision to do something
resolve to do something
*After the divorce she resolved never to marry again.
resolve that
*Mary resolved that she would stop smoking.
 
_______________________________
start out
phrasal verb
1
to begin happening or existing in a particular way, especially when this changes later
start out as
'The Star' started out as a small weekly newspaper.
The leaves start out a pale green, and later get darker.
2
to begin your life or profession, or an important period of time
When the band first started out, they played at small clubs.
start out as
She started out as a model.
start out on
young couples starting out on their life together
3
to begin going somewhere
Oliver started out at five, when it was still dark.
 
 
_______________________________
 
resist:
to stop yourself from having something that you like very much or doing something that you want to do
cannot resist (doing) something
I just can't resist chocolate.She can never resist buying new shoes.
it is hard/difficult/impossible to resist something It's hard to resist an invitation like that. resist the temptation/urge to do something She resisted the temptation to laugh.
They only wanted 3 dollars for it, so how could I resist?
 
_______________________________
regardless of:
 
without worrying about or taking account of: They decorated the house regardless of cost. | All our proposals were rejected, regardless of their merits.
*The law requires equal treatment for all, regardless of race, religion, or sex.
_______________________________
break:
▶PROMISE/AGREEMENT◀
[transitive]to not do something that you have promised to do or signed an agreement to do
I never break my promises .You betrayed me. You broke your word . break an agreement/contract He was worried that he might be breaking his contract.
_______________________________
break:
▶END SOMETHING◀
[transitive] to stop something from continuing
We need to break the cycle of poverty and crime in the inner cities. We took turns driving, in order to try and break the monotony. New talks will begin on Monday in an effort to break the deadlock .
_______________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

درس 98 - یک شهر کوچک



زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید /


سطح دو


A Small Town
شهر
 
درس‌های 90-107 سطح 2 فعلا فایل صوتی ندارند لطفا فقط متن را مطالعه نمایید
 
I grew up in a small town. There were only about two thousand people who lived in the
town where I grew up. When a town is very small, it is also called a village. My village
was surrounded by many farms and many lakes.  
The house where my family lived was near the middle of the town. On the street where
we lived, most of the houses were similar in size, but many of them had different shapes
and different colors. Each house was surrounded by a yard, where people grew their
lawn and their garden.  
Often, I would walk from my house to the downtown part of the village. "Downtown" is
the area where the stores and shops of a town are located. Because I lived in a small
town, it was a short walk to the downtown area. Along the main street, there were several
different kinds of stores. Some stores sold food, some stores sold clothing, and some
stores sold hardware (or building supplies).  
It was also a short walk to the schools in my town. When I went to elementary school, it
would take about ten minutes to walk to the school. Some of my friends lived on the
same street where I lived. Sometimes, we walked to school together.  
During the summer months, many people came from the big city to visit our village. The
people liked to get away from the busy streets of the city. They enjoyed the quietness
and the slow pace of village life. They also liked to spend their vacations near the lakes
that were near the village. People from the city often said that people who live in villages
seemed very friendly.  
When I grew up, I left my village, and I went to work in a larger town. But sometimes I like
to go back and visit the place where I grew up.
 
 
downtown:
to or in the centre or main business area of a town or city
ᅳsee also uptown I have to go downtown later.
ᅳdowntown adjective [only before noun] downtown restaurants She works for a law firm in downtown Miami.
_________________________
hardware:
 
equipment and tools for your home and garden
_________________________
Lesson fourty



TOEFL /


504 Essential Words


Ailment: a minor illness; an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining; sickness; pain; suffering
Barbed: sharp projection near the end of something which is angled away from main point so as to make extraction difficult
Chiropractor: a person who treats ailments by massage and manipulation of the vertebrae and other forms of therapy
Chubby: overweight; plump; fat; overweight
Convention: a way in which something is usually done; conference; treaty; agreement; routine; custom
Convey: transport or carry to a place; communicate (an idea, impression, or feeling); transfer the title to (property)
Corpulent: (of a person) fat; fleshy; obese; excessively fat
Daze: make unable to think or react properly; in a condition of being mentally numb
Ditch: a narrow channel dug to hold or carry water; dig a canal; get rid of
Epidemic: an outbreak of a disease that spreads rapidly so that many people have it at the same time; widespread
Hath: archaic form of the verb to have (third person singular)
Impediment: a hindrance or obstruction; physical defect which causes speech problems
Jeopardize: risk; endanger; imperil; compromise the safety or security of; compromise the success of (also jeopardise)
Magnify: cause to look larger than it really is; make too much of; go beyond the truth in telling; exaggerate
Municipal: of a city or state; having something to do in the affairs of a city or town; urban
Negative: saying no; minus; showing the lights and shadows reversed; deny; veto; negate; reject; undesirable or unwelcome
Obesity: extreme fatness; state of being excessively overweight; more than average fatness
Obstacle: anything that gets in the way or hinders; impediment; obstruction; hindrance
Obstruction: be in the way of; block; prevent or hinder; interfere
Oral: spoken; using speech; of the mouth; verbal
Pension: regular payment that is not wages; financial benefit paid after a person has stopped working
Proportion: a part, share, or number considered in relation to a whole; the ratio of one thing to another; portion
Stoutness: rather fat or heavily built; fatness; sturdiness; firmness; the property of being strong and resolute
Swindle: use deception to deprive of money or possessions; obtain fraudulently; cheat; deceive
Turnout: the number of people taking part in an event; a part of a road that has been widened to allow cars to pass or park
Ventilate: change the air in; purify by fresh air; discuss openly; supply the blood with oxygen
Vertebrae: each of the series of small bones forming the backbone; segments of bone which form the spinal column
Vital: having to do with life; necessary to life;causing death, failure or ruin; lively; absolutely necessary; essential
درس 48 - سخنرانی تونی بن 2



زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید /


سطح پنج


Tony Benn: 'The Importance of Democracy' (2)
Tony Benn
 








با فشار دادن این متن فایل صوتی درس  48 سطح 5 زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید سخنرانی تونی بن 2 را دانلود کنید
 
If people lose the power to sack their Government one of several things happens. First, people may just slope off. Apathy could destroy democracy. When the turnout drops below 50 per cent, we are in danger... The second thing that people can do is to riot. Riot is an old-fashioned method for drawing the attention of the Government to what is wrong. It is difficult for an elected person to admit it, but the riot at Strangeways produced some prison reforms. Riot has historically played a much larger part in British politics than we are ever allowed to know. Thirdly, nationalism can arise. Instead of blaming the Treaty of Rome, people say, 'It is those Germans' or 'It is the French'. Nationalism is built out of frustration that people feel when they cannot get their way through the ballot box. With nationalism comes repression.
I hope that it is not pessimistic - in my view it is not - to say that democracy hangs by a thread in every country of the world. Unless we can offer people a peaceful route to the resolution of injustices through the ballot box they will not listen to a House that has blocked off that route. There are many alternatives open to us. One Hon. Member said that he was young and had not fought in the war. He looked at a new Europe. But there have been five Europes this century.
There was one run by the King, the Kaiser and the Tsar - they were all cousins so that was very comfortable. They were all Queen Victoria's grandsons. And there was no nonsense about human rights when Queen Victoria's grandsons repressed people. Then there was the Russian revolution. Then there was the inter-war period. Then there was the Anglo-Soviet alliance. Then there was the cold war. Now we have a Boris Yeltsin who has joined the Monday Club. There have been so many Europes. This is not the only Europe on offer. I understand that my Hon. Friend the Member for Sunderland, South (Mr Mulliri) is a democratic federalist, as is my Hon.
Friend the Member for Derbyshire, North-East (Mr Barnes). They want an American-type constitution for Europe. It could be that our laws would hang on which way the Albanian members voted. I could not complain about that because that is democracy. However, it is unworkable. It is like trying to get an elephant to dance through a minefield. But it would be democratic.
sack verb informal··
to dismiss someone from their job; SYN fire :
They couldn’t sack me – I’d done nothing wrong.
sack somebody from something
He was sacked from every other job he had.
sack somebody for (doing) something
He was sacked for being drunk.
She was sacked for refusing to work on Sundays
because you sacked Jim, how dare you do it?
either Peter would sack me, or I would improve.
hundreds sacked in the credit card war.
I told you to sack Wally before I left, he said.
why sack everything, why go for the total wipeout?
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=sack&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
slope off phrasal verb informal
to leave somewhere quietly and secretly, especially when you are avoiding work :·
Mike sloped off early today.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=slope+off&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
Apathy noun· [ uncountable ]
the feeling of not being interested in something, and not willing to make any effort to change or improve things :·
The campaign failed because of public apathy.
authoritarian management often leads to apathy among employee.
Dimitri Volkov was in a fog of mental apathy and confusion.
then there will come the tears and despair of apathy.
there is apathy within the his departments of major record companies.
worker apathy has been and remains rampant.
There is widespread apathy among the electorate.
Spouse apathy (if not outright derision) is not uncommon in collector households.
Try not to allow their apathy to affect your enthusiasm.
For years, student apathy has been blamed for the low turnout.
Last year we got the news that the new game was in development and a lot of us just shrugged our shoulders in apathy.
Their faces show resignation, apathy and anger.
Just don't let it turn into apathy and a refusal to learn how things really work.
But too many large neighborhood schools lose students to anonymity and apathy.
Bystander apathy or the power of observation, in and of itself, is not very valuable.
The cure for apathy is comprehension.
It has been an uphill battle because of political inertia and public apathy
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=Apathy&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
frustration noun
the feeling of being annoyed, upset, or impatient, because you cannot control or change a situation, or achieve something :
People often feel a· sense of frustration· that they are not being promoted quickly enough.
in/with frustration
I was practically screaming with frustration.
In spite of his frustrations, he fell in love with the country.
Dave thumped the table in frustration.
She couldn't stand the frustration of not being able to help.
sexual frustration
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=frustration&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
repression noun
cruel and severe control of a large group of people ; suppression ,· oppression
repression of
government repression
They were fighting against repression and injustice in their country.
brutal repression of members of the Communist party
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=repression&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
minefield noun
an area where a lot of bombs have been hidden just below the ground or under water :·
They realized they had wandered into a minefield.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=minefield&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
احتیاط شرط عقل است



آموزش /


ضرب‌المثل‌ها




Discretion is the better part of valor 
discretion is the better part of valor   احتیاط شرط عقل
 If you say discretion is the better part of valor, you mean that avoiding a dangerous or unpleasant situation is sometimes the most sensible thing to do.


جمع بستن اسمها



آموزش /


دستور - عمومی


جمع بستن اسمها
اسمها با حرف (S)جمع بسته می شوند ولی اگر کلمه ای به حروف (f-t-k-p)ختم شود در تلفظ (s)آخر را با صدای (س)بیان می کنند ولی اگر به حروف دیگری ختم شوند (s)آخر صدای (z)میدهد.
صدای(س)a books – cats
صدای(ز)boys – girls
الف- اسم هایی که به حروف (x- ch- sh- s - ) ختم شوند با(es)جمع بسته میشوند .
Dresses - bushes – churches - boxes
ب- اسم هایی که به (y)ختم شوند و قبل از آن حرف صدادار باشد با (s)جمع بسته می شود .ولی اگر حرف ما قبل از (y)بی صدا باشد (y)تبدیل به (i) شد و(esمی گیرد.
City==>cities ولی boy==>boys
ج-اسم هایی که به (fe) و یا (f) ختم شوند در صورت جمع (f) و یا (ef) تبدیل (ves) می شوند.
Thief==>thieves و wife==>wives
د-بعضی اسامی در انگلیسی جمع یا مفرد شان یکی است.
گوسفند= sheep
گوزن=deer
ذ-بعضی از اسمها فقط در حالت جمع وجود دارند.
Pyjams – trousers –scissors
ر- بعضی از اسامی از هیچ قانونی تبعیت نمی کنند.
Man==>men
Ox==>oxen
 
ی- بعضی ازاسم ها که به (o) ختم می شوند در جمع(es)و بعضی فقط (s)می گیرند.
Hero==> heroes ولی piano==> pianos
 
مکالمه در مورد اجاره کردن ماشین



مکالمه /


آموزش مکالمه زبان انگلیسی - مکالمات سفر


Car Rental – Interactive Practice
اجاره ماشین،سفر
 
۱ 
     
 
A: “Hello, ABC Car Rental. How can I help you?”
B: “Hi, I wanted to make a reservation.”
A: “What location would you like to rent from?”
B: “I am flying into Los Angeles Airport. Do you have a booth there?”
A: “Yes we do. What date are you flying in?”
B: “I am arriving on June 22nd.”
A: “What time is your arrival time?”
B: “I am scheduled to arrive at 2 pm.”
A: “How long would you like to rent the vehicle?”
B: “I will need it for 10 days.”
A: “What size car would you like?”
B: “A midsize car please.”
A: “Can I get your name?”
B: “Yes. My name is Sang Min Lee.”
A: “Can you spell that?”
B: “Last name is L E E. First name is S A N G. Middle initial is M.”
A: “Great. Thank you. I have reserved a midsize car for you for June 22nd until July 1st. Is there anything else I can help you with?”
B: “That will be all.”
A: “Thank you for calling.”
B: “Thank you. Bye.”
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
۲ 
     
 
A: “How can I help you today?”
B: “I would like to rent a car.”
A: “Do you have a reservation?”
B: “No.”
A: “That’s alright. Let’s see what we can find. We have several cars to choose from. What size are you looking for?”
B: “What are my options?”
A: “A compact car, midsize car, and a minivan.”
B: “How much are they?”
A: “Compact is $2.1.95 a day, midsize is $27.95 a day, and a minivan is 35.95 a day.”
B: “I’ll take a midsize car.”
A: “How long will you be renting the car?”
B: “One week.”
A: “How many people will be driving the car?”
B: “Just myself.”
A: “Would you like insurance?”
B: “How much is it?”
A: “It is $14.95 a day and it covers everything regardless of fault.”
B: “Yes please.”
A: “Can I have your name?”
B: “Last name is Lee. L E E. First name is Sang. S A N G.”
A: “You address please?”
B: “I am from Korea. Would you like my address in Korea?”
A: “Just the city name.”
B: “Seoul, Korea.”
A: “Can I see your driver’s license and a credit card?”
B: “Sure. Here it is.”
A: “Great. That will be $324.92. Would you like me to charge it on this card?”
B: “Yes. That will be fine.”
A: “Please sign here. You can pick up your car downstairs. Your expected time to return the car is June 29th. That is exactly one week. Show the attendant this invoice. When you return the car, bring this invoice with you. Also, the gas tank is full, you should fill up the gas tank before you return. If you don’t want to, we can do it for $3 a gallon. Is there anything else I can do for you?”
B: “That will be all. Thank you.”
A: “Thank you. Good bye.”
درس هفت - جنیفر آتش نشان

 Jennifer the Firefighter
آتش نشان زن
 








با فشار دادن این متن  فایل صوتی درس هفت سطح 1 زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید - جنیفر آتش نشان را دانلود نمایید
 
Jennifer Smith is a firefighter. 
She is one of the first female firefighters.
Jennifer works hard every day. 
Jennifer exercises every day. 
She lifts weights. 
She wants her muscles to be very strong. 
She saves people's lives every day. 
She is very strong. 
Jennifer is married. 
Her husband is a school teacher. 
Jennifer's husband is proud of her. 
Jennifer is a mother. 
She has two daughters. 
Jennifer's daughters are proud of her too. 
Jennifer is happy being a firefighter. 
Jennifer is happy being a wife. 
Jennifer is happy being a mother.
 
 
 
درس هشت - نصیحت

قلک - روز مبادا - نصیحت
 
 








با فشار دادن این متن فایل صوتی را دانلود نمایید
Advice
Sometimes my mother gives me advice.
She tells me to save my money for a rainy day.
She says that I should eat my vegetables if I want to be strong when I grow up.
She says that you reap what you sow.
I didn't know what that one meant, so I asked her.
She said that if you are good to people, they will be good to you.
If you do bad things, then bad things will come back to you.
My mother is always giving me advice.
She says that a penny saved is a penny earned.
I am still thinking about that one.
Some of these things are difficult to understand.
My mother is very wise.
She says that she has learned from her mistakes.
She tells me that she would like me not to make mistakes, but she says that everyone does make mistakes.
The important thing is that we learn from our mistakes.
My mother says that nobody is perfect.
www.salamzaban.com
My mother tells my sister that time is precious.
My sister wastes time, and my mother doesn't like that.
My mother tells me to be true to myself.
She says that I should not follow the crowd.
I should listen to my own conscience and do what I think is right.
She says that it doesn't matter if you fail at something, the important thing is that you try.
If you've done your best, then that is all that matters.
I listen to my mother.
I think she gives very good advice.
My mother has a lot of common sense.
I hope I am as wise as she is when I have children of my own.
Sometimes I wish that she would not give me so much advice.
I think that I know what I'm doing.
But, in the end, I always remember what she has said, and I try to live by the standards that she has set for me.
Take the advice that your parents give you.
They only have your best interests at heart.
 
 
save something for a rainy day:
save_something_for_a_rainy_day
to save something, especially money, for a time when you will need it
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you reap what you sow:
used to say that if you do bad things, bad things will happen to you, and if you do good things, good things will happen to you
 
 
 
مکالمات کوتاه



مکالمه /


آموزش مکالمه زبان انگلیسی - مکالمات عمومی


 
Small Talk – Interactive Practice
 
 
یادگیری مکالمات کوتاه برای برقراری ارتباط با دیگران و پیشرفت در مکالمه انگلیسی می تواند مفید باشد مکالمان کوتاه موضوعات مختلفی را در بر می گیرند یکی از مواردی که یادگیری مکالمات کوتاه مفید می باشد در مصاحبه است
در این بخش قصد داریم چند نمونه از مکالمات کوتاه را بیاوریم
 
 
One: "Hi Bill, how are you doing?"
Two: "I’m doing great. How are you doing?"
One: "I’m doing well myself."
 
One: "What have you been up to lately?"
Two: "Well, I just started to work at the bank so I’m pretty busy learning everything."
مکالمه در مورد مدسه وکار
 
One: "Does that mean you already finished school? I thought you had 1 more semester left."
Two: "I took summer courses, so I finished one semester early."
One: "It’s great that you got a job. I’m really happy for you."
Two: "Thanks."
 
 برای پایان دادن به مکالمه ای می توانید مانند زیر عمل کنید
 
 
One: "We should get together for lunch sometime."
Two: "Yeah, that would be great."
One: "I’ll call you sometime."
Two: "Ok. I’ll see you later."
One: "Alright. See ya.
 
 
 
 
بازهم برای تمرین بیشتر مکالمات دیگری آورده شده که موضوعات متفاوتی را در بر می گیرد
 
One: "Hi Mary."
Two: "Oh, hi."
One: "How are you doing?"
Two: "I’m doing alright. How about you?"
One: "Not too bad. The weather is great isn’t it?"
Two: "Yes. It’s absolutely beautiful today."
One: "I wish it was like this more frequently."
Two: "Me too."
One: "So where are you going now?"
Two: "I’m going to meet a friend of mine at the department store."
One: "Going to do a little shopping?"
Two: "Yeah, I have to buy some presents for my parents."
One: "What’s the occasion?"
Two: "It’s their anniversary."
One: "That’s great. Well, you better get going. You don’t want to be late."
Two: "I’ll see you next time."
One: "Sure. Bye."
 
Them: "Hi. My name is Josh. It’s a pleasure to meet you."
You: "Hi Josh. I’m glad to be here."
Them: "Did you have any problems finding this place."
You: "I didn’t have any problems. I found directions on the internet so it was pretty easy to find. However, the traffic was not that great."
Them: "Traffic is never good around here."
You: "I agree. It would be great if there was a train or a subway line that went through here."
Them: "That would be so great. I would definitely take the train if they had it."
You: "Trains are great because you can read a book or get a little rest instead of having to fight the traffic."
Them: "Very true. Well, let me begin by telling you about our company..."
 
 
A: “Hey Paul. What are you doing here?”
B: “How’s it going? I’m meeting up with a friend here.”
A: “How have you been man?”
B: “Not too bad. I'm still in school and having a little fun.”
A: “How are you enjoying Mr. Lee’s history class?”
B: “It’s so boring.”
A: “Tell me about it. If it wasn’t a requirement, I wouldn’t have taken it.”
B: “How about you? What have you been up to?”
A: “I finished school last spring. I’m searching for a job now, but I'm slacking off.”
B: “I heard the job market is not that hot right now.”
A: “I could always take a low end job, but I’m not that desperate yet.”
B: “Well, good luck to you.”
A: “Thanks. It was good seeing you again.”
B: “Yeah. I’ll catch you later.”
A: “Have a good night.”
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      
 
A: “You’re John right?”
B: “Yes. Oh, you’re in my English class right?”
A: “Yeah. I’m Martha.”
B: “Well it’s good to finally meet you.”
A: “How are you enjoying the class?”
B: “I’m not sure. Some days it seems ok, but other days I am totally bored in class.”
A: “I know what you mean. Do you know what is wrong with the weather these days? I haven’t seen the sun in 2 weeks.”
B: “The weather has been pretty terrible recently.”
A: “I’m really hoping the weather gets better.”
B: “Do you have something coming up?”
A: “To tell you the truth, it’s just depressing seeing so much rain.”
B: “I don’t blame you. It has been pretty gloomy for sometime now.”
A: “This is my stop. I’ll see you later.”
B: “I’ll see you in class. Bye.”
 
آموزش زبان انگلیسی ،مکالمه
 
Lesson five



TOEFL /


504 Essential Words


 
Altitude: height; distance above sea level
Assemble: gather together; bring together; put together; get together; make by putting pieces together
Batter: a ballplayer who is batting in baseball; strike; beat; hit repeatedly
Beard: the hair growing on the lower part of a man's faces; defy; oppose
Bring out: express; present; display; publicize; advertise; make visible; direct attention to
Burden: what is carried; a load; weigh down; weight to be borne or conveyed; an onerous or difficult concern
Bureau: an administrative unit of government; writing desk; dresser; office
Campus: grounds of a collage university or school; a field on which the buildings of a university are situated
Career: the particular occupation for which you are trained; profession; the general progression of your working life
Casual: without or seeming to be without plan or method; random; accidental; superficial; temporary; informal
Debate: a discussion in which reasons for and against something are brought out; argue; discuss; consider
Documentary: a film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event; relating to or derived from documents
Dragnet: net which is dragged in fishing or hunting; method by which someone or something is found or caught
Droplet: a tiny drop; a very small drop of a liquid
Evade: get away from by trickery or cleverness; avoid; run away; avoid or try to avoid fulfilling answering or performing
Evaporate: turn into vapor; become vapor; release moisture; disappear; vanish; turn from liquid into vapor
Explore: go over carefully; look into closely; examine; travel to unknown regions; investigate; research
Funky: fearful; panicky; terrified; cool; fashionable; unconventionally modern and stylish
Hand down: passed on as by inheritance; passed on from one person to another; transfer; without effort
Innocent: free from evil or guilt; not guilty; free from sin or wrongdoing; simple; naive; unsophisticated; harmless
Majority: the larger number; greater part; more than half; the age when a person is legally a full adult
Pretending: the act of giving a false appearance; make believe with the intent to deceive; act in a role
Probe: search into; examine thoroughly; investigate; a flexible slender surgical instrument used to explore body cavities
Reform: make better; improve by removing faults; a change for the better as a result of correcting abuses
Riot: a public act of violence by an unruly mob; a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd
Rioter: one who takes part in a riot; troublemaker who participates in a violent disturbance of the peace
Rural: in the country; characteristic of a small town; rustic; living in or characteristic of farming or country life
Shape up: develop in a positive way; change; be shaped; develop; get organized; behave in a more respectable manner
Take on: accept responsibility; occupy; cause to work; deal with; admit into a group or community; accept as a challenge
Topic: subject that people think write or talk about; some situation or event that is thought about
Tradition: beliefs; opinions; customs handed down from one generation to another; an inherited pattern of thought or action
Wand: a baton used by a magician or water diviner; a long thin stick or rod especially one held as a symbol of office
Witch: a female sorcerer or magician; an ugly evil-looking old woman
Wizard: someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field; one who practices magic or sorcery; genius; magician
اطلاعیه به مشتریان : متصدی جدید فروش



نامه‌های تجاری اداری و بازرگانی /


ANNOUNCEMENT TO CUSTOMERS


ANNOUNCEMENT TO CUSTOMERS: NEW SALESPERSON
NEW_SALESPERSON
 
 
 
[DATE, ex. Wednesday, June 11, 1998]
[NAME, COMPANY AND ADDRESS, ex.
John Smith
XYZ Inc.
1234 First Street
Suite 567
Anycity, Anystate  85245]
Dear [NAME, ex. John Smith],
It is my pleasure to inform you of a new addition to our sales staff.  [“TOUT” NEW EMPLOYEE, ex. William Holmes brings with him five years of experience in the computer industry; he has extensive knowledge in small-business intranet systems and I am certain you will be pleased with him.]  [STATE HOW CUSTOMER WILL INTERACT WITH NEW EMPLOYEE, ex.  William will be pleased to service your account and serve you to the best of his abilities.]
William can be reached directly at XXX-XXXX.  [He/She] is looking forward to hearing from you.
Sincerely,
[YOUR NAME, ex. Jill Jones]
صحبت در مورد رژیم گرفتن



مکالمه /


مکالمات سلامتی - بهداشت


Dieting
alt 
 
در این بخش در مورد رژیم گرفتن وکاهش وزن صحبت خواهیم کرد.
 
وقتی کسی را می بینید که تغییر وزن داده معمولا همچنین جملاتی را می توانید بیان کنید
"Have you lost weight?"
"You look better, did you lose weight?"
"Have you been dieting?"
"Wow. You look so good."
 
  وقتی شخصی سعی می کند که غذا کم بخورد  از او در مورد رژیم  و قصدش برای کاهش وزن سوال می شود
 
 
"Is that all you’re going to eat?"
"Why aren’t you eating anything?"
"Did you already eat?"
"Are you on a diet or something?"
"Are you not hungry?" 
 
و جواب های که معمولا شخص به همچنین سوالاتی می دهد
 
"I’m trying to lose some weight."
"I started to diet so I am watching what I eat."
"I want to lose some weight before I take family pictures next month."
"I’m on a diet."
 
بعضی افراد لاغر هستند ولی باز هم رژیم می گیرند در مقابل چنین افرادی می توانید از جملات زیر استفاده کنید
"You do not need to go on a diet."
"You look great now. Why do you want to go on a diet?"
"Yeah right. Like you have to lose weight."
 
آموزش زبان انگلیسی ،مکالمه
 
صحبت در مورد تماشای ورزش بسکتبال



مکالمه /


آموزش مکالمه زبان انگلیسی - مکالمات ورزشی


Basketball – Watching Basketball
alt
"Do you watch the NBA?"
"Do you keep up with basketball on TV?"
"Do you like to watch basketball?"
"Which team do you like the most?"
"When does basketball season start?"
"Who’s your favorite player?"
"Who do you think is the greatest basketball player ever?"
"Do you think Karl Malone is any good?"
 
"I like watching the Lakers play."
"I’m a Pistons fan."
"I try to watch every Rockets game."
 
"I don’t watch much basketball."
"I only watch the playoffs."
 
"I never got into basketball."
 
"Playing basketball is fun, but it’s boring watching other people play."
"I don’t watch the Bulls on TV much, but I keep up with them through the newspaper."
"I only watch the highlights on the sports channel."
آموزش زبان انگلیسی ،مکالمه
درس 17- خشونت در تلویزیون



زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید /


سطح سه


Violence on Television
alt








با فشار دادن این متن  فایل صوتی درس 17 سطح 3 زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید - خشونت در تلویزیون را دانلود نمایید
Nowadays, the issue of violence on television is often debated. Many people are
concerned that the images of violent acts might cause the viewers to become more
aggressive. Some of these people believe that there should be restrictions on violent
television programs. Other people feel that individuals should be able to choose what
they want to watch on TV. Many of these people believe that violent television is unlikely
to affect people's behaviour.  
One of the concerns that some people have about violent TV is that viewers might imitate
aggressive acts. For example, consider a TV program that shows professional wrestlers.
Some people believe that children who watch the program might copy the actions of the
wrestlers and that this could lead to serious injuries. As another example, consider a TV
program that shows people shooting guns at each other. Some people believe that
viewers of such a program might be more likely to use a gun in their disputes with others.  
Another concern that some people have with violent TV is that it might make people less
sensitive to the effects of violence. In other words, people who watch many acts of
violence on television might no longer be shocked by violent acts. They might then
become quite tolerant of the use of violence.  
Some people do not believe that violence on television is likely to have harmful effects.
They point out that many terrible acts of violence occurred long before television. They
also argue that people can tell the difference between television and real life. That is,
they say that people are unlikely to imitate violent acts, and are unlikely to become less
sensitive to violence in real life. Also, they argue that parents are able to prevent their
children from watching violent television.  
Psychologists have conducted some research studies on the effects of violent television.
Some studies have shown that children who watch a lot of violent TV do become slightly
more aggressive as adults. Other studies have found that people behave somewhat more
aggressively after watching a violent program. This is especially true for people who
have an aggressive personality. Finally, some other research has found that rates of
murder tend to increase slightly in the days following a televised boxing match. Nearly all
psychologists now agree that violence on television does contribute to aggressive
behaviour in everyday life.  
The issue of violence on television is difficult because it is a conflict between public
safety and individual freedom. Some people feel that violent TV should be restricted
because it might have harmful effects on society, but other people feel that individuals
should be free to watch the programs that they like.
debate:
debate
discussion of a particular subject that often continues for a long time and in which people express different opinions
the gun-control debate in the US
The new drug has become the subject of heated debate within the medical profession.
debate over/about
There has been widespread public debate over the introduction of genetically modified food. There was much lively debate about whether women should spend more time in the home.
A fierce debate raged over which artist's work should be chosen for the prize.
debate between
the ongoing debate between environmentalists and the road-building lobby over the future of our countryside
Nuclear power has always been a topic that has sparked off considerable debate .
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=debate&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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restriction:
restriction
a rule or law that limits or controls what people can do
restriction on
restrictions on immigration
a 50 mph speed restriction
trade/travel restrictions
impose/place restrictions on something
The law imposed new financial restrictions on private companies.
strict/tough/tight restriction
tougher restrictions on alcohol advertising
lift/remove a restriction
Restrictions on trade were lifted.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=restriction&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
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likely:
something that is likely will probably happen or is probably true
ᅳopposite unlikely
Snow showers are likely tomorrow.
likely outcome/effects/consequences etc
What are the likely effects of the law going to be?
the most likely cause of the problem
likely to do/be something
Children who live in the country's rural areas are very likely to be poor.
more/less/most/least likely
Young drivers are far more likely to have accidents than older drivers.
It is more than likely (=almost certain) the votes will have to be counted again.
It could have been an accident, but that was hardly likely (=not very likely) .
He could offer no likely explanation when I asked him.
a likely cause of his absence   
it is likely to rain    
he is not likely to win
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=likely&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
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dispute:
dispute
a serious argument or disagreement
dispute with
The firm is involved in a legal dispute with a rival company.
dispute over
He got into a dispute over a taxi fare.
Every effort was made to settle the dispute , but without success.
dispute between
the bitter border dispute between the countries
A long-running pay dispute is disrupting rail services.
The coal industry was plagued by industrial disputes .
The police don't usually like to intervene in domestic disputes .
The miners were in dispute with their employers over pay.
A dispute arose over who was to be the next king.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=dispute&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
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tolerant:
tolerant
it would mean that they get used to this type of violence,
they are no longer affected by it.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=tolerant&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
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imitate:
imitate
to copy something because you think it is good
vegetarian products which imitate meat The Japanese have no wish to imitate Western social customs and attitudes.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=imitate&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
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televise:
televise
to broadcast something on television
The game will be televised live on ABC tonight.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=televise&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
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conflict:
conflict
a state of disagreement or argument between people, groups, countries etc
conflict over
conflicts over wage settlements
conflict between
the conflict between tradition and innovation
in conflict (with somebody)
normal kids who are in conflict with their parents
political/social/industrial conflict social and political conflict in the 1930sthe threat of industrial conflict in the coalfieldsMarx points out the potential conflicts below the surface of society.His views on the literal truth of the Bible brought him into conflict with other Christian leaders.Doctors exercise considerable power and often come into conflict with politicians.a lawyer specializing in conflict resolution
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=conflict&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20
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REQUEST RELEASE OF SPECIFIC EQUIPMENT FROM SECURITY



نامه نگاری /


banking


REQUEST RELEASE OF SPECIFIC EQUIPMENT FROM SECURITY
s
 
[DATE, ex. Wednesday, June 11, 1998]
[NAME, BANK AND ADDRESS, ex.
John Smith
XYZ Bank
1234 First Street
Suite 567
Anycity, Anystate  85245]
Dear [NAME, ex. John Smith],
According to the terms of our credit arrangement with you, we provided you with general security over all of our property, assets and undertaking.
[EXPLAIN REASONS WHY RELEASE IS BEING REQUESTED] ex. As you may be aware, we currently own a large piece of equipment which has become redundant. We wish to replace this with a newer model, however the supplier requires a release of your security before accepting the old equipment]
Please feel free to call me if you have any questions.
Sincerely,
[YOUR NAME, ex. Jill Jones]
زمان حال استمراری



آموزش /


دستور - زمان‌ها


زمان حال استمراری
(Present Progressive)
ادامه جمله +مفعول+ing +فعل+(am-is-are)+فاعل

زمان حال استمراری برای بیان انجام کاری که هنوز ادامه دارد بکار می رود.
I am eating now.
I am driving in my car
I am walking in street
I am talking with you
She is reading a book
I am sitting in the park
I am going to my home
He is watching tv
We are playing soccer
They are thinking about it
You are learning English on http://salamzaban.com
طریقه شناختن:
اغلب با قید های
at the present
now
at the moment
و غیره همراه است و همیشه جملات بعد از کلمات آگاه کننده ،در ابتدای جمله بصورت حال استمراری نوشته می شوند:
کلمات آگاه کننده مثل:
Listen
be careful
Look
مثال:
Look! Hassan is coming.
Listen! I am talking with you
Be careful! I am coming
طرز ساختن حال استمراری:
حال استمراری هر فعل را با حال ساده فعل (to be) همراه با شکل (ing) هر فعل می سازند،
مثال:
I am listening to music
طرز منفی و سوالی کردن حال استمراری :
برای منفی کردن کافیست که بعد از افعال معین کلمه (not) را ذکر کرده و برای سوالی کردن (are-is-am)را به ابتدای جمله آورده، البته با افزودن (ing)به فعل اصلی تغیراتی در افعال حاصل می شود که عینا در بخش قواعد دیکته ذکر شده است.
Are you coiming?
Are you drinking water?
Are we going to Semnan?
Am I your frind?
Is she playing Santor?
Is he using computer for learning English on http://salamzaban.com
تمرین:جملات زیر را یکبار سوالی و سپس منفی کنید:
1-I am listening to the radio now.
2-mehri is coming from high school.
3-she is going to take her coat.
4-we are explaining the lesson for him.
درس 3 - فساد اخلاقی

Corruption
alt
 








با فشار دادن این متن  فایل صوتی درس 3 سطح 3 زبان انگلیسی و مکالمه را با شنیدن یاد بگیرید - فساد اخلاقی را دانلود نمایید
When an official of a government or business is acting dishonestly, we say that this
person is corrupt. Corruption is a serious problem in many countries around the world.
There are several different kinds of corrupt practices, including bribes, kickbacks,
nepotism, and embezzlement.  
A bribe is a payment of money or some other benefit, in exchange for a decision that
would not otherwise be made. For example, an accused criminal might bribe a judge so
that the judge would make a decision of "not guilty." Another example is that a business
owner might bribe a government official so that the official would allow the construction
of very unsafe buildings.  
A kickback is similar to a bribe, except that the official receives some part of the money
in a dishonest business deal. For example, governments sometimes decide which
company should build a road. A company might offer money to the government official
who makes the decision, so that this company will be chosen, even if it is not the best
company for the job.  
Nepotism happens when an official unfairly gives advantages to his or her relatives. For
example, a government official might hire a brother or sister to do a job even though
other people would be much better qualified for the job. Of course, all of us want to help
our relatives, but it is wrong to do this at the expense of the public.  
Embezzlement happens when an official secretly steals some money from a company or
government. For example, a manager at a company might secretly move some of the
company's money to his or her own bank account, or that manager might lie about his or
her expenses in order to receive more payment from the company.  
Corruption has very bad effects on people, in several ways. Sometimes it can lead to
very dangerous situations. One example of this is when unsafe construction projects are
approved by officials who have been bribed. Another example is when criminals are
freed as a result of bribes. Also, a country's economy can be damaged by corruption. For
example, if companies must pay bribes in order to do business, then they may decide to
leave the country. Also, if people's tax money is stolen by corrupt officials, this makes
the people poorer. In addition, when company officials are corrupt, it makes the company
less able to compete with other companies.  
How can corruption be stopped? An important step is for each person to decide not to
act in ways that are corrupt. People must agree to take this problem seriously. Also, each
company and each government must have strict rules about corruption. It must be very
clear to all employees-from the lowest to the highest-that corruption is totally
unacceptable.
corrupt:
corrupt
using your power in a dishonest or illegal way in order to get an advantage for yourself
ᅳopposite incorruptible
Corrupt judges have taken millions of dollars in bribes.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=corrupt&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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corruption:
corruption
dishonest, illegal, or immoral behaviour, especially from someone with power
*officials charged with bribery and corruption
*The investigation uncovered widespread corruption within the police force.
political/official corruption
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=corruption&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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bribe:
bribe
to illegally give someone, especially a public official, money or a gift in order to persuade them to do something for you
The only way we could get into the country was by bribing the border officials.
bribe somebody to do something
He bribed one of the prison guards to smuggle out a note.
Another Source
to influence the behavior or judgment of (esp. someone in a position of power or trust) unfairly or illegally by offering them favors or gifts: She was charged with attempting to bribe a police officer. | I bribed him into giving me the documents. |  They tried to bribe the judge to acquit them. | (fig.) The child was bribed with a piece of cake to go to bed quietly.
*the employee admitted that he had been receiving bribes   
*bribable   
*he tried to bribe the judge
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=bribe&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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kickback:
kickback
informal
money that someone pays secretly and dishonestly in return for someone's help
ᅳsynonym bribe
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=kickback&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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nepotism:
nepotism
the practice of unfairly giving the best jobs to members of your family when you are in a position of power
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=nepotism&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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embezzle:
to steal money from the place where you work
Two managers were charged with embezzling $400,000.
the accountant embezzled the bank's money   
ᅳembezzlement noun [uncountable]
ᅳembezzler noun [countable]
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=embezzle&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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construction:
construction
▶BUILDING SOMETHING◀
[uncountable] the process of building things such as houses, bridges, roads etc
construction of
the construction of a new airport
under construction
(=being built) The hotel is currently under construction.
a road construction project
construction workers
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=construction&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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at the expense of somebody/something:
if something is done at the expense of someone or something else, it is only achieved by doing something that could harm the other person or thing
*he was successful in business but it was done at the expense of his health
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=at+the+expense+of+so&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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free:
▶RELEASE◀
to allow someone to leave prison or somewhere they have been kept as a prisoner
ᅳsynonym releaseHe expects to be freed quite soon.The terrorists have at last agreed to free the hostages.
free somebody from something
She was freed from prison last week.
http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=free&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all
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